The former residence of Prime Minister William Gladstone sits at the very heart of the capital, overlooking St James’s Park, Whitehall and the Mall. Described as one of the greatest terrace houses ever built in Britain and one of London’s finest Georgian treasures.
Constructed during the late 1820s and early 1830s, the Roman Classical styled terrace was conceived by architect John Nash with two aims in mind: to provide good views of St James’s Park for residents and to provide an impressive backdrop to both the Royal Park and the Mall.
The terrace was badly damaged during World War II, much of the interior of Number 10 has survived from the early years of the 20th Century, when the 2nd Viscount Ridley commissioned a significant French classical style remodelling from distinguished architectural practice Detmar Blow and Ferdnand Billerey.
William Ewart Gladstone took the lease in 1857. Gladstone was a statesman and scholar. In a career lasting over 60 years, he served as Prime Minister four times – more than any other person. Gladstone was cited as a great inspiration by Churchill, among others, and was known affectionately by his supporters as ‘The People’s William’ or the ‘Grand Old Man’.
The British Academy moved its headquarters to the building in 1998. The British Academy moved to this distinguished building to extend its work encouraging academic excellence by funding research and furthering discourse and innovation in humanities and social science subjects.
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